To connect the kit to Ethernet LAN, plug the Ethernet cable (included with the kit) between the J14 Ethernet connector on the NAVQ Plus board and an Ethernet switch (or similar) connected to your LAN. The following picture illustrates connection on the kit side:
To unplug the cable from the kit, push the two buttons on the sides of the cable connector while pulling the connector out of the kit.
Using Ethernet in Linux
When Linux boots, the Ethernet interface is enabled and configured in the default image installed to the kit. The IP address is obtained from a DHCP server. Use the following command to see the IP address that has been assigned to your kit:
user@imx8mpnavq:~$ sudo ifconfig eth1 up
[sudo] password for user:
user@imx8mpnavq:~$ ifconfig eth1
eth1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
inet 192.168.0.202 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.0.255
inet6 fe80::fb68:4822:1adf:db5d prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20<link>
At this point, you can have the full Linux TCP/IP stack enabled in Linux. To provide a most basic example of how you can use Ethernet in Linux, the following command copies a file from your Linux host to the kit via scp:
$ scp /bin/sh email@example.com:/tmp
Setting Ethernet MAC in U-Boot
The Ethernet MAC PHY may or may not be set as a U-Boot environment variable on your kit. If the MAC PHY is not set in U-Boot, the Linux Ethernet kernel driver uses a randomly-generated MAC on every boot. With IP address obtained from DHCP, this will result in your board getting a new IP address on every boot, which is not always convenient.
To set up the board MAC address in U-Boot, perform the following step-wise procedure:
Reset the kit.
Stop at the U-Boot prompt, by hitting any key in the serial console window at the U-Boot countdown.
Run the following command to determine if a MAC PHY address has been already allocated to your kit:
u-boot=> printenv ethaddr
If this command returns a valid MAC address, all is good, you can proceed to boot to Linux at this point.
If there is no MAC PHY set up in U-Boot, perform the following commands to set up the MAC PHY in U-Boot:
For interfaces other than first (eth0), use environment variables eth1addr for eth1 and so on. If you have several kits on your LAN, increase the last digit for each kit so the MAC addresses are all unique in your LAN.
Boot to Linux, check that the kernel makes use of the MAC PHY you have assigned to your kit: